Æ-Sestertius, ca. 134-138, Rome; 28.02 g.
THE SAMEL COLLECTION OF ANCIENT JEWISH COINS
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COINS OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE REFERRING TO JUDAEA, Hadrian, 117-138.
Предыдущий лот Номер лота 2372 Следующий лот
Very rare. Flan crack, corroded, nearly very fine
Overbeck – Meshorer no. 355.
Regardless of whether this coin was minted before the Bar Kokhba revolt or afterwards, it has nothing to do with the real circumstances of Hadrian’s visit in Judaea that took place in the early summer of 130 (cf. H. Halfmann, Itinera principum, Stuttgart 1986, 207; A.R. Birley, Hadrian. The restless emperor, London/New York 1997, 231 f.). All the Adventus coins minted in the last years of Hadrian’s reign show stereotypical welcoming ceremonies. They should evoke a reminiscence to Hadrian’s extensive travel activities in many parts of the Roman Empire. In the case of Judaea the coins gloss over the enormous tensions in the province, especially caused by Hadrian’s dislike, if not hatred of Jews and the Jews’ desire to rebuild the destroyed temple. "The thoroughly Greek character of Judaea on these coins gives the impression that it had become a Hellenised province like any other in the east" (so Birley, l.c.). In the Bar Kokhba revolt Rome had to experience that this was a fatal error. In descriptions of these coins the small figures accompanying Judaea are called "children"; they may be understood as Judaea’s children, but they are adults who are about to welcome Hadrian by swinging palm fronds, just like many Jews did when Jesus entered Jerusalem. Hadrian’s and Judaea’s sizes are based on their significance and not on their real proportions.